Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the public and we . It tells the story of Rama and his his wife Sita. Download Ramayana free ePub/ MOBI/PDF ebook. i need full ramayan in hindi and pdf file. In this hindi story collection app we tried to provide you large collection of Dharmik hindi kahaniyan from one of the greatest epics of human history.
|Language:||English, Spanish, French|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Registration needed]|
You are about to download Shrimad Valmiki Ramayan Hindi book pdf for free – Don't forget to like us on facebook & share with your friends to keep us motivated . Now you can also read Bhagavad Gita in Hindi. Ramayan is not only the story about how truth defeat the evil, it is also teaches us to forgo all. Philip Lutgendorf · Ramayana Remix: Two Hindi Film-Songs As Epic . Here the film invokes another Rama story, known to all Indians and already implicit.
After the couple's triumphant return to Ayodhya, Rama's righteous rule Ram-raj inaugurated a golden age for all mankind. The eldest and favourite son of Dasaratha, King of Ayodhya, he is a virtuous prince and is much loved by the people. He is exiled from Ayodhya due to the plotting of his stepmother, Kaikeyi.
Sita is Rama's wife and daughter of King Janaka of Mithila. Sita is the epitome of womanly purity and virtue. Laksmana seen here is Rama's younger brother. Completely loyal to Rama, he chooses to go with Rama and Sita when they are exiled from Ayodhya.
Ravana is the king of Lanka and has 10 heads and 20 arms. He received a boon from the God Brahma that he cannot be killed by gods, demons or by spirits, after performing a severe penance for 10, years. After receiving his reward from Brahma, Ravana began to lay waste to the earth and disturbed the deeds of the good Hindu sages.
Vishnu incarnates as the human Rama to defeat him, assisted by an army of monkeys and bears, thus circumventing the boon given by Brahma. Dasaratha is the King of Ayodhya, Rama's father. Kausalya is Rama's mother, Dasaratha's chief wife. Kaikeyi is Dasaratha's wife and Rama's stepmother. She demands that Rama be banished to the forest and that her son Bharata be awarded the kingdom instead. Bharata is the second son of Dasaratha. When he learns that his mother Kaikeyi had forced Rama into exile, causing Dasaratha to die broken hearted, he storms out of the palace and goes in search of Rama.
When Rama refuses to return from his exile to assume the throne, Bharata obtains Rama's sandals and places them on the throne as a gesture that Rama is the true king. Sumitra is Dasharatha's wife and mother of the twins Lakshmana and Satrughna. Hanuman is the wise and resourceful monkey who helps Rama in his quest to defeat Ravana and rescue Sita. Sugriva is the ruler of the monkey kingdom.
His throne was taken by his brother Bali, but Rama helps him to defeat the usurper in return for his assistance in finding Sita. The importance of the Ramayana in Indian culture The epic's poetic stature and marvellous story means that the story of Rama has been constantly retold by some of India's greatest writers both in Sanskrit and regional languages. It is one of the staples of various dramatic traditions, in court drama, dance-dramas, and in shadow-puppet theatres.
In northern India, the annual Ram-lila or 'Rama-play' is performed at the autumn festival of Dassehra to celebrate with Rama and Sita the eventual triumph of light over darkness. A hugely popular television series, 'Ramayan', was aired in India , drawing over million viewers to become 'the world's most viewed mythological serial'. Ram swiftly picked up the bow and again showered Khar with a volley of arrows.
Finally Khar, the last of the demon army, was also killed and the realm of the demons was utterly desolated. In Heaven the gods heaved a sigh of relief. The mission for which Ram had been put on Earth was soon to be accomplished. The kingdom of Lanka had been created for Kuvera, the god of wealth, and even its humblest buildings were made from solid gold: Vishvakarma, the gods' architect, had originally suspended it in mid-air, but it now lay in the middle of the Indian Ocean where it had been flung by Vayu, ihe wind god, in a moment of fury.
It is still there today and is known as the island of Sri Lanka. The capital of Lanka was protected by seven broad moats and seven enormous walls of stone and metal, but Kuvera no longer ruled there because many years before, the demon Ravan had defeated him and taken the kingdom of Lanka from him. Ravan was the brother of the demons Shurpanakha and Khar and was the creature most hated by the gods.
His mother was a demoness but his father was a Brahmin who had shown him how to pray and fast. He had prayed and fasted so devotedly that the god Brahm a was compelled to grant him a special wish in payment. Ravan had wished to be made invulnerable to attack by any god or demon. Ravan was terrifying to look at, for he had twenty arms and ten heads.
His teeth shone pale gold like the light of a crescent moon. His mountainous body was covered with the ugly scars of a million battles with gods and demons.
Ravan could split open mountains, stir up the seas and tear the sun and moon from the sky. Since no god could hurt him, Ravan humiliated the gods by forcing them to do menial tasks in his palace.
Vayu the wind god swept the floors for him; Kuvera the god of wealth supplied him with gold ; Varuna the sea god brought him water and Agni the fire god was his cook.
Ravan was rapidly becoming the most powerful of all creatures until Vishnu found a solution. When Ravan had forced Brahma to grant him his wish, he had asked only for protection against the gods and demons ; he had been too arrogant to feel threatened by mere men and animals. This gave Vishnu an id ea. He himself would be reborn to King Dasharat in his seventh incarnation as his eldest son, Rama-chandra, and as a man he would bring about the downfall of this all-powerful demon.
He would not, however, be able to remember his previous existence as a god and would have to rely upon his human ability and courage alone. So, while Ram acted out his destiny, the gods bided their time, secure in the knowledge that one day they would be free of Ravan. Meanwhile, Ravan lived in luxury in the beautiful kingdom of Lanka. One day, Ravan was sitting in his court with his many wives when he heard the sounds of hysterical bellows and Shurpanakha burst into the room.
Ram's beauty attracted me and l turned myself into a beautiful woman to tempt him. She is more virtuous and lovely than any woman ever known. Ravan immediately desired Sita for himself and decided to seize her at once. He summoned his magic chariot and flew across the ocean to the place where a demon named Marich lived. You cannot defeat him. It is your place to obey.
H e gave Marich careful instructions and took him to Panchavati where Ram and his wife and brother were living. There Marich transformed himself into a golden deer and began to graze peacefully in the clearing by Ram's home. Sita caught sight of the deer as she walked among the flowers. It looked at her with melting, sad eyes and she became enchanted by it.
Catch it and bring it to me so that I will always be able to look at it. Lakshman also tried to reason with her, explaining that the gazelle might be one of the few demons left, but Sita did not believe there was any danger and finally Ram agreed to catch the deer for her. However, he told Lakshman not to leave Sita's side and drew a circle around her.
Do not step out of it until I return with the deer,' he warned and left to try and catch the lovely animal. The chase was long but at last Ram was close enough to take aim. He intended only to wound the animal slightly so that he could catch it but he misfired and his arrow sank deep into the deer's body. As it fell to the earth, it cried out in Ram's voice, 'Ah, Lakshman! Alas, my Sita! Lakshman protested. As the chariot made its way tO Lanka, Sita caught sight of the vulture Jatayu.
Jatayu swooped in front of the chariot, spreading his massive wings to bar Ravan's progress, but the demon drew his sword and sliced off one of the bird's wings so that he tumbled bleeding to the ground, calling to Sita.
As the chariot flew on, Sita threw her jewellery tO the ground, hoping to create a trail for Ram to follow. As they passed over a mountain peak far below, she saw a group of powerful monkeys and threw down ro them some jewellery and a scarf made from cloth of gold in the hope that if Ram came that way in his search, the monkeys would show them to him. All too soon, they arrived at Lanka where Ravan installed Sita in his palace and started tO court her in the hope that she would agree to be his bride.
Sita however had no intention of giving in to Ravan. She veiled her face and reminded him repeatedly that she was the wife of Ram and that she would never agree ro marry him even if the penalty was death.
Finally, Ravan grew weary of her resistance and threw her into a grove of ashoka trees where she was guarded by female demons. Sita waited desperately for Ram to come and save her, but many months passed.
Her clothes grew tattered and dirty, her hair lost its shine, and her already slender bodr wasted away until she was scarcely more than skin and bone. Still Ram did not come. Yet the gods rejoiced, because they knew that the day would soon come when Ram would attack Lanka to rescue Sita and when that day arrived, Ravan would meet his fate. On the way he met Lakshman. Ravan, the demon-king of Lanka, has abducted Sita. But I am not sad for I can see golden forests and fields and I know I am about to die and go to heaven.
Ravan went southwards. Follow him. Do not despair, you will find Sita. Jatayu died and a chariot of fire swooped down and carried his spirit away and out of the fbmes of the funeral pyre which Ram and Lakshman had lit for him. The brothers tra' elled southwards, searching for information about Sita. Soon they entered a terrifying forest which was filled with monsters and wild beasts.
Suddenly they saw the trees before them being ripped out of the soil and crushed underfoot. A huge ogre with arms the size of tree trunks was striding towards them, tearing up everything that stood in his way. The most terrifying thing about him was that he had no head. Ram and Lakshman had heard stories of this ogre and knew that his name was Kabandha. They ducked beneath his flailing arms and attacking at the same time, cut them off with their swords. Then in a gentle voice that seemed to come out of the air, he asked who had destroyed him.
Kabandha then explamed that he was an 1m mortal who had tried to challenge lndra's power. The angry god had cut ofi h1s head and told him that he would remain headless until Ram and Lakshman cut off h1s arms.
Ram waded across the lake, hea,-y-hearted with longing for Sita and as he strode across. The monkey's face blazed as red as a ruby and his body glowed like molten gold. His tail stretched out to an enormous distance and he stood on a lofty rock roaring like thunder. The next day Ram and Lakshman set out with Sugriv, Hanuman and their small band of monkeys.
They hid themselves in the trees around Valin's city while Sugriv went forward to stand at its gates and bellow terrifyingly to Valin to come out. Infuriated by the challenge, Valin led his soldiers out for battle. The brothers fought angrily in single hand-to-hand combat until Sugriv had to signal for Ram's help.
When Ram saw that his friend was weakening, he aimed his arrow at Valin's heart and killed Valin instantly. Ram had fulfilled his promise. Sugriv was king once again and was ready to help to find Sita. But the summer monsoons had come and the heavy rains made further search ing impossible. Ram had to wait for the summer's end before the search for Sita could begin again. When the monsoon rain ended at last, it was time for Sugriv to pay his debt to Ram.
Sugriv called Hanuman to him. Hanuman could fly and leap so high that he could seize the clouds. H e was also a great magician and so knowledgeable that he could interpret the shastras, the Hindu books of wisdom, better than anyone else.
If anyone could find Sita, Hanuman could. When you see Sita, show it to her and she will know that you have come from me. Thousands of monkeys and bears searched every corner of the land but without success. As the thirtieth day drew near, Hanuman was in despair, humiliated by his failure to find Sita.
He called his army of searchers and made an announcement. I cannot face the humiliation of my failure and deserve to die. Hanuman was about to kill himself when one of his companions noticed a weak-looking vulture hovering above in the hope that he might make a meal of the dead monkey.
The monkey waved to the bird and shouted, 'Your king] atayu saw the wife of Ram being carried away. Can you direct us to her?
I have lost my strength so I cannot help you physically, but I did once hear a woman calling to Ram and Lakshman as Ravan's chariot flew overhead. I know that the demon lives on an island city a hundred leagues over the southern ocean. It was built by Vishvakarma and is called Lanka. Surya the Sun god had promised Sampati that his wings would grow strong again if he ever helped Ram and the bird was still speaking when he found his strength returning and his feathe rs growing back.
The bears and monkeys thanked him for his help and as the bird began to try his newly regained power, they sped off to the shores of the Indian Ocean. When they arrived, Hanuman breathed in deeply, swelling his chest with the sea winds. He brandished his tail, and thundered up a nearby mountain with a joyous but terrifying roar.
At the top of the mountain, Hanuman paused and prayed, preparing for the mighty leap which would bring him to Lanka, alone, enormous and magnificent. None of his companions would be able to follow him. Then Hanuman leaped into the air like an arrow, flying among the clouds and over the waves far below until he landed on the island of Lanka. When at last he reached its capital, he decided to wait until dark and then crawl through the gates, but the city's demon sentries noticed him and attacked him.
Hanuman slew them all in the combat which followed. Vicrorious, Hanuman marched into Ravan's palace and searched every terrace and room umil he was certain! He was walking through the courtyards on his way out when he saw a light!! He sprang rowards them and saw! Ram' wife sat as still as a statue in her nef. Bur ita refused 10 li ten. You should not look at the wiie of another man.
Head bowed. He introduced himself, telling her. He is well and worries constant! After that I swear that I hall die. Hanuman promised faithfully 10 do as Ita said and flew off.
Ravan' mighue 1 on. The Otrro Hanuman po e proud! Return ita to her true husband. Hanuman' tail was et ali bt but alrhough the! Hmuman decided ro make one last anempt to disor anize!
Then they. Hanuman gave Sita's jewel to Ram and told him everything that had happened while he had been away. Ram immediately set out with the monkeys and the bears for the sou themmost shores of India. Soon after they arrived, a figure approached Ram and identified himself.
I have a special power; I can see! That may prove helpful to Ram in the fight which lies ahead. Rama thanked Vibhishan and swore to protect him since he had left his home and family to help him. On Sagar's advice, the monkeys built a bridge to cross the hundred leagues of ocean between India and Lanka and soon Ram, Lakshman and the armies of bears and monkeys had arrived on the island.
The monkeys quickly spread out along the beaches, taking up guard and shouting excitedly. Ram then sent a message to Ravan. Ravan was infuriated by Ram's arrogant message and ordered his mighty son Indrajit to march out against him. The arrow injured both of the brothers severely and lndrajit then began shooting at the others-many monkeys and bears were wounded by his arrows for they could not see where the next attack would come from.
The surviving bears and monkeys gazed mournfully down at Ram's unconscious body and to their relief, saw him stir. Suddenly there was a great flash of fire in the sky. Out of it emerged a magnificent eagle: Swooping down like a fiery meteor he spoke to Ram, 'I have been sent to restore you and Lakshman back to health.
In his palace, Ravan heard the excited cheers of the monkeys and rallied the best of his warriors. Fearsome demons charged out of the city but Hanuman killed them all single-handedly, and Ravan and his soldiers were driven back.
Ravan knew his only chance now was to awaken his brother, the gluttonous giant Kumbhakarna who slept for six months of the year. It took the noise of everyone in the city to wake him but after much persuasion, Kumbhakarna agreed to help Ravan and gulped down jars of liquor to strengthen himself before setting out to kill Ram. Kumbhakarna drunkenly lurched towards Ram's armies whirling his mace around his head. The battle seemed lost and once more the bears and monkeys were slaughtered in their hundreds.
Ram once again set his bow to work, aiming a steady stream of arrows at the giant. At last, Kumbhakama fell to the ground but he still waved his arms and legs about and knocked down whole troops of monkeys before Ram raised his bow and killed him with a deadly arrow. For a time, the fighting ceased but soon!
Only when J ambavan, Sugriv, Ram and Lakshman had all been wounded did Indrajit withdraw to his palace and the battle ended for the day. That night, Jambavan the king of the bears wid Hanuman of some healing herbs on: Desperate to rerum before dawn, he tore off the whole top of the mountain and brought it to Jambavan, who selected the right herbs and cured the injured. Then Hanuman put the summit back in its original place.
Filled with new strength and enthusiasm, the monkeys were now determined to end this bitter war swiftly. In the following battle, they killed all the remaining demon warriors except Indrajit and Ravan himself. With all h1s warriors dead, the ten-headed king turned to his son. Kill Ram and Lakshman and we can still win this war.
In order to disheanen Ram, he conjured up an image of Sita in his carriage, an image which looked as if she had been beheaded. Then he again attacked from the sky, but finally Lakshman notched an arrow which had been given to h1m by Indra and shot it at Indrajit. The arrow ripped the demon's head from h1s shoulders and the demon was defeated at last. He flew into the air and began to shoot arrows down at Ram with all h1s twenty arms.
Heroes must fight to the death. Hanuman entered the ashoka grove with his head held high and his heart full of happiness. He bowed deeply before Sita, who was waiting anxiously for news of Rama. The newly crowned king alighted from the carriage and bowed before Sita.
She was bathed in Vibhishan's palace, dressed in silks and adorned with jewels. Her hair was threaded with pearls and her skin perfumed with the most delicate and exotic fragrances.
When she was ready, Vibhishan instructed his servants to bring out the most magnificent palanquin to carry her to Ram. It stopped by Ram and Sita stepped nimbly down, delighted to be reunited with her husband.
She looked up at him shyly yet jubilantly but was stunned by his harsh expression. I have done my duty and satisfied the demands of honour. But I cannot take you back.
You have been touched by Ravan. How can I know that you are pure? You are free to go where you choose, I have no desire for you.