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Very often the mother is working and the responsibility of feeding the young child is left to an older sibling. It is therefore crucial to increase awareness regarding the child's food needs and how to satisfy them. According to the passage, malnutrition in children can be reduced a if the children have regular intake of food.
According to the author, poverty is not the main cause of malnutrition, but the fact that 1.
Select the correct answer using the code given below: a 1 only c Both 1 and 2 d Neither 1 nor 2 Passage - 4 A number of empirical studies find that farmers are risk-averse, though only moderately in many cases. There is also evidence to show that farmers' risk aversion results in cropping patterns and input use designed to reduce risk rather than to maximize income. Farmers adopt a number of strategies to manage and cope with agricultural risks.
These include practices like crop and field diversification, non-farm employment, storage of stocks and strategic migration of family members. There are also institutions ranging from share tenancy to kinship, extended family and informal credit agencies.
One major obstacle to risk sharing by farmers is that the same type of risks can affect a large number of farmers in the region. Empirical studies show that the traditional methods are not adequate.
Hence there is a need for policy interventions, especially measures that cut across geographical regions. Policies may aim at tackling agricultural risks directly or indirectly. Examples of risk-specific policies arc crop insurance, price stabilization and the development of varieties resistant to pests and diseases. Policies which affect risk indirectly are irrigation, subsidized credit and access to information.
No single risk-specific policy is sufficient to reduce risk and is without side-effects, whereas policies not specific to risk influence the general situation and affect risks only indirectly.
Crop insurance, as a policy measure to tackle agricultural risk directly, deserves careful consideration in the Indian context and in many other developing countries because the majority of farmers depend on rain-fed agriculture and in many areas yield variability is the predominant cause of their income instability.
The need for policy intervention to mitigate risks in agriculture is because a farmers are extremely risk-averse. Which of the following observations emerges from the above passage?
Consider the following statements: I. How old IAS question papers help students? Solving question papers offer the students an elaborate understanding about their skills, like self-evaluation about their speed and time management. Students understand and learn the lesser things which might be the odds in a civil service examination. By solving these papers, students also realize the familiarity in sample papers. So, students can really understand what not to ignore and which to select.
Moreover, solving these papers also helps them in revision. It is always advisable to solve these papers when students have completely done with their preparations. In the end, students can evaluate their own performance and work on their shortcomings. They can notice that many of the questions are reshaped or rephrased in the exams.
Sea horse 3. Consider the following statements 1. An amendment to the Constitution of India can be initiated by an introduction of a bill in the Lok Sabha only. If such an amendment seeks to make changes in the federal character of the Constitution, the amendment also requires to be ratified by the legislature of all the States of India. Consider the following statements: Attorney General of India can 1.
Bagasse can be used as biomass fuel for the generation of energy.
Molasses can be used as one of the feedstocks for the production of synthetic chemical fertilizers. Molasses can be used for the production of ethanol. Variations in the length of daytime and nighttime from season to season are due to a the earth's rotation on its axis b the earth's revolution round the sun in an elliptical manner c latitudinal position of the place d revolution of the earth on a tilted axis. The Narmada river flows to the west, while most other large peninsular rivers flow to the east.
It occupies a linear rift valley. It flows between the Vindhyas and the Satpuras. The land slopes to the west from Central India. On the planet earth, most of the freshwater exists as ice caps and glaciers. Out of the remaining freshwater, the largest proportion a is found in atmosphere as moisture and clouds b is found in freshwater lakes and rivers c exists as groundwater d exists as soil moisture. Consider the following pairs: Nokrek Bio- sphere Reserve: Garo Hills 2.
Logtak Loktak Lake: Barail Range 3. Namdapha National Park: Consider the following: Electromagnetic radiation 2. Geothermal energy 3.
Gravitational force 4. Plate movements 5. Rotation of the earth 6.
Revolution of the earth Which of the above are responsible for bringing dynamic changes on the surface of the earth? National Development Council 2. Planning Commission 3. Zonal Councils Select the correct answer using the codes given below. The demand for the Tebhaga Peasant Movement in Bengal was for a the reduction of the share of the landlords from one-half of the crop to one-third b the grant of ownership of land to peasants as they were the actual cultivators of the land c the uprooting of Zamindari system and the end of serfdom d writing off all peasant debts.
The Parliament can make any law for whole or any part of India for implementing international treaties a with the consent of all the States b with the consent of the majority of States c with the consent of the States concerned d without the consent of any State.
In the grasslands, trees do not replace the grasses as a part of an ecological succession because of a insects and fungi b limited sunlight and paucity of nutrients c water limits and fire d None of the above.
Which one of the following is the correct sequence of ecosystems in the order of decreasing productivity? Contour bunding is a method of soil conservation used in a desert margins, liable to strong wind action b low flat plains, close to stream courses, liable to flooding c scrublands, liable to spread of weed growth d None of the above. Which one of the following is not identified as its objective? Under the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers Recognition of Forest Rights Act, , who shall be the authority to initiate the process for determining the nature and extent of individual or community forest rights or both?
Improper handling and storage of cereal grains and oilseeds result in the production of toxins known as aflatoxins which are not generally destroyed by normal cooking process.
Aflatoxins are produced by a bacteria b protozoa c moulds d viruses Beryllium 2. Cadmium 3. Chromium 4. Heptachlor 5. Mercury 6. Lead 7. Plutonium Select the correct answer using the codes given below. Acid rain is caused by the pollution of environment by a carbon dioxide and nitrogen b carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide c ozone and carbon dioxide d nitrous oxide and sulphur dioxide With reference to food chains in ecosystems, consider the following statements: A food chain illustrates the order in which a chain of organisms feed upon each other.
Food chains are found within the populations of a species. A food chain illustrates the numbers of each organism which are eaten by others. Corbett National Park: Ganga 2. Kaziranga National Park: Manas 3. Silent Valley National Park: Consider the following organisms 1.
Agaricus 2. Nostoc 3. Excretion of urea by animals 2. Burning of coal by man 3. Death of vegetation Select the correct answer using the codes given below. In which of the following States is lion-tailed macaque found in its natural habitat? Tamil Nadu 2. Kerala 3. Karnataka 4. Some Buddhist rock-cut caves are called Chaityas, while the others are called Viharas.
What is the difference between the two? Which one of the following describes best the concept of Nirvana in Buddhism? According to the Constitution of India, which of the following are fundamental for the governance of the country? The balance of payments of a country is a systematic record of a all import and transactions of a during a given period normally a year b goods exported from a country during a year c economic transaction between the government of one country to another d capital movements from one country to another The Reserve Bank of India regulates the commercial banks in matters of 1.
An increase in the Bank Rate generally indicates that the a market rate of interest is likely to fall b Central Bank is no longer making loans to commercial banks c Central Bank is following an easy money policy d Central Bank is following a tight money policy They possessed great palaces and temples.
They worshipped both male and female deities. They employed horse-drawn chariots in warfare. Which of the following diseases can be transmitted from one person to another through tattooing?
Chikungunya 2. Hepatitis B 3. The surest way of annihilating Karma is to practice penance. Every object, even the smallest particle has a soul.
Karma is the bane of the soul and must be ended. Which one of the following terms describes not only the physical space occupied by an organism, but also its functional role in the community of organisms? Photochemical smog is a resultant of the reaction among a NO2, 03 and peroxyacetyl nitrate in the presence of sunlight b CO, 02 and peroxyacetyl nitrate in the presence of sunlight c CO, CO2 and N02 at low temperature d High concentration of N02, O3 and CO in the evening Consider the following minerals 1.
Calcium 2. Iron 3. The Parliamentary Committee on Public Accounts 1. Consider the following Bhakti Saints: